new Delhi: There was once a really well-known and historical museum within the Turkish metropolis of Istanbul known as Hagia Sophia. But now the Supreme Court of Turkey has allowed it to be transformed right into a mosque. The order to transform this museum right into a mosque was given by the President of Turkey, Recep Tayyip Erdogan. On which now the Supreme Court has additionally stamped. On July 24, prayers shall be provided in Haya Sofia. On Tuesday, Turkish President Haya Sofia arrived and inspected the preparations. But to know why this information is so essential, it’s important to perceive briefly the historical past of Turkey and Haya Sophia. <! –
First of all, Haya Sophia. It is claimed to have been constructed as a church within the sixth century and was transformed right into a mosque when Ottoman dominated Turkey within the 14th century. However, this church was not demolished even then, as a result of its artifacts had been very magnificent and the choice to interrupt it was not straightforward for anybody.
But after the tip of the Ottoman Empire in 1922, it was transformed right into a museum and the museum turned the most important image of Turkey's secularism. But now as soon as once more it has been transformed right into a mosque. Haya Sophia additionally enjoys the standing of UNESCO's World Heritage Site and the choice to transform it right into a mosque is being opposed all around the world. Apart from UNESCO and America, Russia, European Union and and Vatican have additionally opposed this choice.
Pope Francis, the most important non secular guru of Christians, has additionally criticized this choice. He mentioned that he’s unhappy about it and other people ought to pray for him and go after consuming.
Now the query is why such a call was taken in a turkey that calls itself secular. For this, it’s important to perceive briefly the historical past of Turkey.
History of turkey
Turkey is a Muslim nation. Where about 98 % of the folks imagine in Islam and Turkey is counted among the many few Muslim international locations that are thought-about essentially the most secular. The Ottoman Empire dominated Turkey from the years 1299 to 1922, and in 1923, Turkey gained independence from this empire. The credit score goes to the previous Turkish dictator, whose identify is General Mustafa Kamal Ata Turk, who you additionally name Aapa Turk in Hindi. Ata Turk was a dictator. But he was very progressive and needed to make Turkey a secular nation which was based mostly on the precept of secularism of France. Under which faith and authorities are stored separate from one another.
The structure of Turkey was made within the 12 months 1924 and in 1928 this structure was modified and the standing of State Religion was withdrawn from Islam. Under the structure, General Ata Turk gave the Turkish military the duty of at all times sustaining secularism within the nation. The founders of recent Turkey beloved his secular picture a lot that he banned the usage of non secular symbols in public life. However, it’s mentioned that the folks of Turkey at all times needed that they get an opportunity to display their non secular identification. Just like this proper is out there to folks dwelling in international locations like India and America.
President Erdogan took benefit of this sentiment of the Turkish folks. Erdogan had been the Prime Minister of Turkey thrice earlier than changing into President in 2014 and by then the President didn’t have a lot powers in Turkey. But since changing into the President in 2014, he made the presidency highly effective by way of a change within the structure and he steadily began changing Turkey from a secular nation to a radical Islamic nation. Now as a result of the military is chargeable for saving Turkey's secularism, in 2016, the military tried to overthrow Erdogan. But the military failed on this work. Because Erdogan took his supporters on the streets towards the military by taking the assistance of social media.
Taking classes from this coup try, Erdogan elevated his energy and weakened the energy of the military. But now Turkey's financial system goes by way of a nasty section and unemployment can also be on the highest degree. Despite this, it’s not straightforward to query the President of Turkey now. Because plainly they’re slowly shifting in the direction of dictatorship. The nation the place most journalists are in jail in the entire world. It is simply turkey. Even in Turkey, now those that converse towards the federal government are simply put in jail and to suppress the voice of the folks, Erdogan is popping his nation right into a radical Islamic nation, i.e. making faith a software of politics.
The result of this Islamization of Turkey is that this nation, which was as soon as near Europe and America, stands today with a staunch nation like Pakistan. Even although the President of Turkey nonetheless calls his nation secular, he now overtly expresses his views on such points which unites the Muslims of his nation. Erdogan has many instances questioned India's secularism. When there was a riot in Delhi in February this 12 months, the President of Turkey known as India a rustic the place mass bloodbath of Muslims takes place and mentioned that India is a risk to world peace. In February, Erdogan additionally visited Pakistan and accused India of torturing Kashmiris.
India strongly opposed these statements of Turkey. But this time India has not made any robust assertion towards the development of Masjid to Haya Sofia. Therefore, India ought to break this silence and oppose the President of Turkey, Erdogan, and reply them in his language.