What was the reason for Sahiwal being named as Sahi tribe instead of Montgomery? Who were these Sahis that originally settled in Sahiwal as well as where this tribe lived before? What contributed to the construction and development of Sahiwal Yadgar? Who was Eidal Sahi? Where are Sahi people living now?
Sajid Ali Sahi, answering all these questions states that the arrival or settlement of the Sahi nation in Sahiwal started only accidentally. Before 1870, Sahiwal had no Sahi tribe. About 1880, a resident of Saihanwala, a suburb of Faisalabad and a shepherd named Eidal, came to a village of sahiwal.
The main reason behind his emigrating was constant fighting in his native area. He settled here permanently to escape those fightings. In this village there were many incidents of robbery and rahzani. The bandits came in the form of gangs from the other bank of the river Ravi. Eidal Kharal Sahi bravely fought against the robbers along with the men, and in this battle many bandits were killed and the rest escaped forever.
The men donated 25 square acres of land to Eidal in exchange for his bravery, and also named the village after him. This was the British rule time. Despite being a gift to Eidal 25 sq. Land, he could not give up his cattle grazing and did not cultivate on 25 sq. But he had to pay huge cattle and agricultural taxes every year. So Eidal Sahi again migrated from there and settled in Sahiwal near the present Monument also called Sahiwal Yadgar.
In the meantime, the British suffered a heavy defeat at the hands of the Kharals in the district of Gogera Bangla. They came to Sahiwal and settled and gave Sahiwal a new district status. At the same time, the district status of Gogera Bangla was abolished and Eidal Sahi was offered to take up a settled place so that as long as the horse ran away the land was his in exchange of the land where he was settled surrounding Sahiwal Yadgar. Eidal in turn requested the exemption of taxes on sheep, cattle and land, which the British government immediately accepted.
Now when Lord Montgomery arrived in Sahiwal, he gave Sahiwal the name of Montgomery. And for a long time this city became known as Montgomery. Throughout this period, the same population has gradually increased in numbers. They were high in number but the influence was not high. So the name of the city continued to be Montgomery. And the people of the same tribe migrated to a few other villages in Montgomery.
During General Ayub Khan’s visit to Montgomery during a rally at Montgomery, Montgomery was renamed as Sahiwal. And the place where the Sahi tribe was formerly settled, a memorial Sahiwal was also established there.
Sahi tribe is presently in a very small number in Sahiwal district. The largest Sahi tribe is located in Chak, 60, 61 GD, near Sahiwal, about 15 km from Sahiwal city. It is also called 60, 61 Bhulwana.
Secondly, the Sahi tribe is settled in Thatta Sahi village on Muhammad pur Road, 12 km from Sahiwal. The Sahi tribe has settled here since 1960.
Thirdly, some houses belong to the Sahi tribe in Chuck No. 62 GD, 13 km from Sahiwal to Muhammad pur Road to Jarmar Road.
According to Sajid Hussein Sahi, on the occasion of any marriage or death, at least one person from all the villages households attends the ceremony, no matter how severe the differences.
There is a tradition of the tribe that the ring is not worn on the occasion of engagement, but for each person in the household, the sugar is given. Hussain Khokhar, curator of the Harappa city museum, said that the Sahi tribe currently resides in Kholey wala and Bachomeray wala, they are less in numbers in Sahiwal, mostly they are living in Sahiwanwala area of Faisalabad.
The Sahis in Sahiwal are locals. Some families have migrated from Sahian wala. The reason why Sahiwal was attributed to the same people was that most of the area here was possession of the Sahi people.
In his book MA Ashraf, the author of ‘History Sahiwal’ writes that Sahiwal was founded on the name of the Sahi tribe. According to the 1881 census, Sahiwal had only 160 Sahi people. They are found in large numbers in Sialkot and Gujarat. Their elders went to Ghazni along with Mahmud Ghaznavi and then returned to Lahore and settled on the bank of the River Ravi.
According to another historical reference, Suraj Bansi Raja Agarsin had four sons, Chahel, Chicha, Shena and Sahi. The four Jat tribes names are after them.